Nobel Prizes 2012 in science awarded
Nobel Prizes 2012 in science have been awarded
In Chemistry , the Nobel prize 2012 was awarded jointly to Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors
Americans Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka won the Nobel Prize for studies of protein receptors that let body cells sense and respond to outside signals. Such studies are key for developing better drugs. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the two researchers had made groundbreaking discoveries, mainly in the 1980s, on an important family of receptors, known as G-protein-coupled receptors.
The physicist Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland are also won the Nobel Prize for Physics this year. They received the prize for their pioneering work in the field of quantum mechanics, which allow to study individual quantum states and to manipulate.
Professor Sir Peter Knight, Professor of Quantum Optics at the Imperial College London commented: “Quantum computing is still quite a long way away from large scale quantum device, but both of these groups have indicated the necessary ingredients that would make a logic circuit obey the laws of quantum mechanics and that’s what we really want to be able to do. We want to be able to manipulate these things, to swap the information to and fro, and what these two Nobel prize winners have done in their very different labs is show how you can do that.”
In Medicine , the Nobel Prize has been awarded to Sir John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka. The latter succeeded in 2006, the transformation of cells into pluripotent stem cells of all organs. Recently, researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum in Munich show even the conversion to neurons in the human brain without going through stem cells.
Every year since 1901 the Nobel Prize has been awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for peace. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, personal diploma, and a cash award.